Leading Causes Of Death In The USA
Heart attacks and strokes are the two leading causes of death in the United States. These diseases involve the whole cardiovascular system whose blood supplies oxygen to the heart the brain and to the whole body. Of the 600 thousands dying yearly for heart disease each year, 150,000 deaths are due to strokes alone.
If these figures represent only the deaths, just imagine how many more are suffering from cardiovascular disease
It is estimated in fact that the people affected by cardiovascular system are:
- 76 million for hypertension
- 8 million for a heart attack (myocardial infarction)
- 9 million for angina pectoris
- 7 million for a stroke
- 6 million for heart failure
Though age, especially after 65, is a major risk factor of heart disease, followed by death rate among ages 45 and 65, it is also the leading cause of death for younger people, age 25 to 44.
Some interesting statistics:
- Deaths for heart disease deaths are most prevalent in a band of states extending from New York to Oklahoma.
- The incidence of a sudden heart attack is much higher in males than females, and that difference is much more pronounced among the elderly.
- Death from a heart attack is highest in the southern states, especially Tennessee, Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, Kentucky, Oklahoma, Missouri, and West Virginia.
- Deaths for heart disease in the 1930s were 200 thousands a year.
On the bright side, we have to consider that in general there has been a reduction in deaths from stroke and heart disease since the earlier, estimated a 77 and 75 percent respectively. Compared to the year 1930s because the population has more than tripled since then and we have now only 600 thousands deaths. This decrease is due primarily to the decline in smoking and the addition of vitamins and minerals to processed foods.
Racially Characterized Satistics
African Americans have the highest incidence of cardiovascular disease in the USA.
Eastern European countries and Russia have the world’s highest rate supposedly because of great alcohol consumption and smoking.
China has had and increase in death rates too. Chinese are heavy smokers, and they are exposed to higher levels of air polution, which dramatically increases heart inflammation, BUT, Very interestingly, that happens in spite of chinese people having generally low cholesterol levels. So does not cholesterol affect them as it affects us?, as our doctor say, or “is not cholesterol the main culprit for heart disease?”
While nowadays all over the world we are all at risk for increased rates of heart disease because we are all subject to increased pollution which contributes to cause atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries and inflammation in the heart), it can be observed an emerging pattern of other contributing factors including:
- High sugars intake
- Low magnesium intake
- Low intake of fresh foods
- High psychological stress
Diabetes, Inflammation And Heart Disease Link
If you have a fasting blood glucose 100 and 125 mg/dl you are pre-diabetic which modestly increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.2
But if you have a fasting blood glucose greater than 125 mg/dl, or a significantly impaired glucose tolerance test, you have full-blown diabetes. Having diabetes increases as much as 2 to 3 times a person’s risk of developing cardiovascular disease, with the highest risk among diabetic women.
Diabetes is not just not having enough insulin. Because carbohydrates and fats metabolism in our bodies is strictly connected, a high intake of sugars, or of carbo, cause high triglyceride levels and triglyceride are cause of bad a-type LDL cholesterol particles increase which is linked to atherosclerosis.
Diabetes is basically a disruption of carbohydrates metabolism causing damage to the lining of blood vessels weakening them and making them leaky. Damaged blood vessels, especially microvessels, cause many of the complications in any diabetes-associated disorder.
Type 2 diabetes is characterised by a very high level of glucose in the blood because the insulin cannot push glucose into cells where it can be used, a condition called insulin resistance. In a vicious cycle: then the cells send a signal to the pancreas that they are still starving, so the pancreas releases more insulin which generates more glucose levels which triggers inflammation, high levels of free radicals, resulting in a process called glycation whose molecules called AGEs (Advanced Glycation Endproducts) inflict damage upon the cells.
To the chronic inflammation caused by diabetes is linked the insurgent of many diseases:
- Peripheral vascular diseases
- Higher rates of heart attack and stroke
- Impotence in men
- Loss of vision
- Kidney failure
Heart attacks occur when blood vessels are blocked off by a dense buildup of the plaque and (as in the majority of cases) when the blood flowing through an artery suddenly clots.
In fact, studies have shown that many times the deadly clot forms at a site with much less constriction than the areas with the greatest plaque buildup.
When these areas of plaque buildup are highly inflamed by unstable plaque, the risk of a clot is highest. But it is unrelated to the size of the plaque itself. That’s why some people with moderate constriction of their blood vessels can have a massive heart attack, while others with worse constriction will not.
Diabetics have high atherosclerosis, even though may have normal cholesterol. When you eat foods containing especially omega-6 fats, your cholesterol becomes oxidized by free radicals. And oxidized cholesterol is very iflammatory.
Studies show that 40 to 45 percent of people admitted to a hospital for an acute heart attack have insulin resistance or full- blown Type 2 diabetes. The majority of people who die of cardiovascular diseases have Type 2 diabetes or insulin resistance.
Insulin resistance in older people increases their risk of dying should a heart attack occur. Insulin resistance can be easily diagnosed with a glucose tolerance test.
The strongest link to cardiovascular disease and insulin resistance is visceral fat, abdominal obesity. Be careful, you might have abdominal obesity even if you have a flat stomach, or you might have a protruding belly and not have abdominal obesity.
What To Do and What To Take For Heart Attack Risk Reduction
– Weight loss is the fastest way to significantly reduces the risk of heart attacks and strokes, and reduce the risk of dying should they occur, besides increasing overall life expectancy in general.
– Lifestyle (diet and exercise) modification can reduce Type 2 diabetes risk by 60 percent.
– Take antioxidants. If you are diabetic, or pre-diabetic, you need to take antioxidants which will neutralise can neutralize some of the most damaging lipid peroxidation products which causes the most damage to diabetics.
– Intake enough magnesium which is deficient in diabetics. So be careful with your heart disease medications because they severely deplete magnesium worsening the condition over the long term.
A number of new studies have shown that magnesium deficiency increases the risk of developing metabolic syndrome, as you know this is a combination of hypertension, insulin resistance, and elevated levels of triglycerides and other blood lipids estimated to afflict 45 million Americans already.
– Take Alpha-lipoic Acid. Very important in controlling blood sugar, lowering it when it is too high, pushing glucose inside the cells, and protecting tissues and organs, especially to protect against free radicals, even when it is oxidized.
Taken by diabetes-1 sufferers it can significantly reduce their dose of insulin.
ALA has the power to correct the free radical/lipid peroxidation problem and promote repair of the damage that has already been done. It has also been shown to improve peripheral neuropathy another complication of diabetes.
– Diet Properly to help reduce Inflammation, neutralize free radicals, increase ow of blood in the vessels, and reduce the risk of blood clotting.
1. Avoid all omega-6 fats. like safflower, sunflower, peanut, and soybean oils because they are converted in the body into a chemical called prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), which causes widespread inflammation.
2. Eat as many servings as you can (10 or more) of nutrient-dense fruits and vegetables (broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, and kale) each day. Because this is a lot of food to eat, blenderise some of your vegetables so you can drink them and greatly improve nutrient absorption. Steam cruciferous vegetables first to neutralize the thyroid-suppressing protein in them.
3. Avoid all commercial artificial sweeteners (aspartame, neotame, Splenda, and related). They are not good for your body. Stevia is good substitute.
4. Avoid commercial salad dressings. They contain omega-6 oils which increase your risk of severe atherosclerosis. Use only extra virgin olive oil or coconut oil.
5. Spice your food. Spices, such as turmeric, thyme, rosemary, cinnamon, and others have powerful antioxidant effects, are antibacterial, improve insulin resistance, and protect the heart and brain.
6. Get plenty of fiber. Fiber controls absorption, helping with carbohydrate metabolism.
– Avoid excitotoxin food additives. The glutamate receptors in the endothelium (the cells lining the arteries) are overactivated and damaged by these additives speeding up atherosclerosis. When this happens, it damages this delicate layer of cells, generating storms of free radicals and causing acceleration of atherosclerosis and developing of irregular heartbeat, which can lead to sudden cardiac arrest.
– Drink green and white tea. These teas tain the catechins, substances able to reduce atherosclerosis risk and protect the cardiovascular system. Catechins prevent excessive iron buildup, reduce iron and copper toxicity, neutralize free radicals, reduce lipid peroxidation, reduce abdominal obesity, correct blood lipids, strengthen the walls of blood vessels (especially microvessels), and control carbohydrate metabolism and absorption.
Studies in Japan have shown that 5 to 6 cups of green tea a day reduces the risk of heart attack deaths by 26 percent and stroke deaths by 51 percent. A catechin called epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) in green and white tea reduces both systolic and diastolic blood pressure and improves insulin sensitivity within blood vessels. EGCG is responsible for these benefits besides improving the strength of the heart muscle, also reducing cataracts, lowering blood sugar, insulin levels and triglycerides.
Finally, a large study of Japanese found that drinking six or more cups of green tea a day reduced the overall risk of developing diabetes by 33 percent. With women benefiting the most.
- 1 to 2 cups reduced risk 21 percent.
- 3 to 5 cups reduced risk 39 percent.
- 6 or more cups reduced risk an incredible 51 percent.
If 6 cups is too much for you, you can concentrate your cup using 2 or 3 teabags for cup or taking concentrated EGCG supplements. You could take three cups of concentrated white tea three times a day. You can ice it in summertime.
Vit D3 has the ability to reduce inflammation, prevent infections, reduce autoimmunity and prevent cardiovascular diseases.
People with low serum vitamin D3 levels present the same risk factors that lead to a high risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke: higher triglycerides, elevated fasting glucose, and insulin resistance.
Even what is now accepted as a normal level of 34 ng/ml is too low. Recent studies have shown that adults require more than 2,000 IU of vitamin D3 and many might require doses of 5,000 IU 10,000 IU a day to reach normal levels of the vitamin.
Have a blood vitamin D3 level done before taking the vitamin and then repeat the test at three month
Until next time.